|2.||Pros / Cons|
|15.||When to pick Enigma|
|16.||When not to pick Enigma|
|18.||How to Jungle|
|21.||Levelling Black Hole|
Enigma is a very flexible hero, able to support, push, solo or jungle as required. His legendary ultimate: Black Hole - is one of the strongest team fight powers in the game - able to disable the entire enemy team for 4 seconds if used correctly.
However he is more than just his ultimate - Enigma is a capable stunner, and is able to farm extremely quickly thanks to his minions. This is very helpful as he requires more items than most support heroes in order to be truly effective.
+ Extremely versatile
+ Incredible Ultimate
+ Good starting stats and gain
+ Very high intelligence growth
+ Fast attack and casting animations
+ Good farming speed
+ Good pusher
- Spells have high mana cost
- Needs a lot of farm for a non-carry hero
- Very long cooldown on Ultimate (> 3 mins)
- Often focused in team fights
- Much better in jungle than lane
- No escape mechanism until you get a blink dagger
Part stun, part nuke, Malefice is an ideal ganking spell. It hits the enemy hero with a series of mini-stuns over 6 seconds, with the stun length and damage scaling up as you level the spell.
Its most useful attribute is it will stop someone from tping or blinking away, as it keeps interrupting/damaging them. Obviously this goes for heroes trying to channel other spells. It can also really mess up retreats, as it makes it difficult for team mates to stay together.
However it is much less useful against heroes like Anti-Mage and Queen of Pain as the short duration of each stun will not stop them blinking away, and also gives players a chance to purge it or become magic immune.
The mana cost is also very high compared to the overall effect, and with it's relatively long cooldown you should only use it when necessary.
One of Enigma's signature spells, and also one of the most underrated. It gives him a lot of options in the early game, and boosts farming throughout. It can be targeted on any non-magic immune, non-hero unit - including most neutrals and siege creeps.
The unit is instantly destroyed and replaced with 3 Eidolons (mini-Enigmas) who last for 35 seconds - this has many potential uses:
- Farming. You instantly receive the gold for the unit destroyed, and units last hit by your minions.
- Denying. You can instantly kill one of your own creeps, pulling back the lane and denying the gold to the enemy.
- Pushing. Eidolons split, heal and double their numbers every 6 attacks, allowing you to quickly push back a lane and take down towers. You dont even have to be there if it looks dangerous!
- Bodyguards. In the early game Eidolons are quite powerful relative to enemy heroes, giving you a lot of lane presence and potential damage.
- Jungling. Eidolons can be used to allow Enigma to farm the jungle from the start, with a little micromanagement. Generally you just need to rotate your Eidolons to share the damage and stop them being killed outright.
Bear in mind that Eidolons are not magic immune (they have 50% resistance), and return a reasonable bounty (~30 gold) to enemy heroes who last hit them. Eidolons will also auto-attack, so you need to manage them carefully when laning. Eidolons will split every 6 attacks against enemy/neutral units, doubling their numbers and restoring their health.
Midnight Pulse is an AOE damage spell, inflicting damage proportional to an opponents total health pool. This means that is scales extremely well in the late game, but is not particularly useful early on.
For example, at level 3 it removes 5% of a heroes maximum health per second, so a hero with 1000 max hit points would lose 50, while one with 3000 would lose 150 (both figures would be adjusted for magic resistance). If they were stuck in the AOE for the full 8 seconds this would equate to a lot of damage!
In an ideal world we would be able to cast Midnight Pulse, and then follow it up immediately with Black Hole to lock the enemy in place and inflict massive damage. In reality, its extremely difficult to do this without being heavily focused.
Midnight Pulse also has the useful side effect of destroying any trees in its AOE, making it especially useful on solo lanes to avoid ganks, and to prevent juking heroes from escaping.
Buying an Aghanim's Scepter adds an additional Midnight Pulse effect to your Black Holes.
Enigmas ultimate is one of the most well known and feared in Dota - capable of turning the game with a single spell. When activated, all enemy units around Enigma will be completely disabled and sucked towards him, inflicting a small amount of damage. Black holes stun bypasses any magical immunity - BKB, Linkens, etc will have no effect.
Because of this, any team worth their salt will be gunning for you in a team fight, and trying to keep their distance from each other. Black Hole is a channelling spell, so you can do nothing else while casting it, and any stuns that hit you will break it. Getting your position right, and timing your ultimate are key - this takes practice and experience.
To make it easier to get your position right, Blink Dagger is a very popular item on Enigma, and also gives you an escape. Generally you want to remain hidden before a team fight, waiting for your moment to appear in the middle of the enemy team and trap them all.
One important thing to note here is that its useless to capture the entire enemy team in a perfect Black Hole, if there are no allies present to take advantage of it. Be sure to communicate with your team, and pick the right moment to go in.
Black hole has an extremely long cooldown (200/190/180 seconds), so you have to be extremely careful about when to use it - as you wont have the option again for a while and the enemy team will know it. In the early game its acceptable to use Black Hole in ganks, as big team fights are relatively unlikely, and you probably havent got a Blink Dagger yet to help with positioning. Later on its for special occasions only.
Enigma's starting items will depend greatly on whether you are supporting, soloing or jungling. You need a lot of mana regeneration in the jungle, more health regeneration in the lanes. As a good farmer, you should have plenty of chance to buy some luxury or utility items for your team later on. See the builds at the top of the guide.
The high mana cost of your skills means that mana regeneration is a big priority early on, and you also want to beef up a bit to stop you being taken out of team fights too quickly.
Soul Ring. When you need mana as Enigma, you need it now - it could be the difference between life and death. It is also a great jungling tool - generally you wont be tanking any damage, so the bonus regen will top you up between casting demonic conversion, allowing you to stay in the jungle indefinitely.
Your choice of boots very much depends on your team and the situation, generally I just get Boots of Speed initially, as a Soul Ring is sufficient for your immediate mana needs whether you're laning or jungling.
You might want to consider upgrading your Ring of Basilius to a Ring of Aquila if you feel you need some more stats. It's relatively cheap, and doesn't use up an extra inventory slot. In some situations you may also want to consider getting a Vlad's - although this is dependent on having plenty of melee heroes on your team, and usually this will be much later in the game.
Team Fight Vs Pushing/Utility
There are two main choices for your next set of equipment - you can head down the utility route of Mekansm and Arcane Boots, or rush a Blink Dagger and Black King Bar to be able to initiate as soon as possible. You could even go Mekansm to Blink Dagger and then go back for the boots.
This choice really depends on your role in the team; whether another hero is going to build a Mekansm, and if you're going to the be primary initiator.
Mekansm is a great item for survival, pushing and teamfighting, but does mean that your ability to initiate will have to wait longer. For boots, you'll generally want to get Arcane Boots for the extra mana and team utility. Combined with Mekansm this gives you serious ability to keep your team in the fight and pushing.
There are two big items that pretty much every Enigma should aim to get in every game - Black King Bar and Blink Dagger. The only question is whether you rush them or not.
Which order you get them in is a slightly different question - quite often in Pro games you see Enigma with a BKB before a Blink, often on an Enigma with utility items. In pub games a Blink first is more common. Some people will even rush it before some of the items above.
The use of these two items is fairly obvious - they are both about getting the most out of your ultimate. Blink gives you perfect positioning and surprise; BKB with its magic immunity makes it very difficult to stop you channelling it.
In very special situations, you may want to invest in a Linken's Sphere instead of BKB - generally to block specific powers that go through BKB - such as Nether Swap.
You do see Utility items on Enigma quite often, as he has a much faster farming speed than most other supports. However, your utility equipment has to be balanced against your initiation equipment - too much will delay or reduce your team fight abilities.
This will depend on the composition of the team - for example if you have a Magnus or Naga Siren you don't have such a pressing need for a Blink Dagger.
Pipe of Insight can be picked up if your team is desperately in need of protection from big magic damage like Epicenter and Poison Nova. You're not an ideal carrier as it's quite expensive and don't have the health pool to properly benefit from the health regeneration, but it can be a necessity.
Necronomicon is a very useful item for stronger pushing and invisible unit detection, the minions will also benefit from your auras. However, not a usual pickup as the level 3 version with true sight is very expensive and will delay your other items.
Vladmir's Offering can be a good pickup later in the game (usually 30+ minutes), but mainly if your team has one or more melee DPS heroes, who will gain both damage and lifesteal. The improved aura is also nice for your minions.
While very expensive, the refresher is almost perfect for your needs. While it does offer stats and regen boosts, the main bonus is that it can instantly reset all your skill cooldowns, including Black Hole. This means that you can use it much more frequently, or even create two black holes, one straight after the other.
It can be worth not skilling Black Hole to level 3 if you think you can get a refresher, as the substantial mana cost makes it difficult to double cast. Remember that using your Refresher Orb will also allow you to use your Arcane Boots.
Scythe of Vyse
Always a useful item on Intelligence heroes, it adds a lot of damage, mana regeneration and the hex ability. You re not the ideal carrier as you have to channel your ultimate, but it works well in combination with blink for ganking, and your farming speed is much better than most support heroes.
Boots of Travel
A very useful late game item, it boosts your movement speed substantially, frees up a slot from Town Portal Scroll and allows you to teleport to any friendly creep or building on the map.
Generally avoid Orb and DPS items as you have relatively poor agility, and channelling prevents you from right clicking.
Most intel based items are well worth looking at on Enigma, and he generally has the farm to be able to help out in this area.
Ghost Scepter - useful if the enemy team is packing some serious right click power, especially Juggernaut with his ultimate. Can buy you vital time in late game fights.
Orchid Malevolence - usually more of a ganking tool, it's still very useful for silencing very mobile heroes like Anti-Mage or Storm Spirit, or quickly focusing down squishy supports who are reliant on their abilities.
Necronomicon - simply a great item, it offers useful stats and additional pushing power. Aside from being generally useful, the level 3 minions also give you true sight, making it a great counter to invisible heroes.
Shiva's Guard - adds intelligence and armour to Enigma, as well as a powerful AOE nuke that damages and slows surrounding enemies. Works well with Black Hole as your positioning will be ideal for both. Be sure not to use it while channelling!
Blade Mail - a cheaper item compared to the ones above, but still very useful for Enigma. It provides some intelligence and armour gain, but more importantly, makes you unpleasant to focus. The active ability causes any damage applied to you to also be applied to the person who caused it. This can often buy you time and make the enemy think twice about focusing you.
Aghanim's Scepter - I'm still not massively sold on this item as although it can make your ultimate more damaging (especially against tanky heroes), the problem is cost and the comparison with Refresher Orb. I'd much rather have the double disable time/shorter cooldown than damage. You could consider it afterwards, but Blink Dagger -> Black King Bar -> Refresher Orb -> Aghanim's Scepter is a huge amount of farm.
Most heroes can take advantage of Enigmas ultimate to some degree, but certain ones synergise extremely well with it.
Other Initiating Heroes - e.g. Dark Seer, Tidehunter, Faceless Void, Warlock. If they can initiate the fight, it makes it much easier for you to follow in with a good Black Hole, as the opposition are stunned, grouped or otherwise distracted.
Heroes with big AOE damage spells - e.g. Venomancer, Sand King, Earthshaker, Shadow Fiend. These guys can inflict an awful lot of damage to groups of undefended players, and combining your two ultimates successfully can sometimes completely wipe out the opposition.
DPS Heroes - such as Huskar, Viper, Outworld Destroyer, most other carries. These guys can inflict massive damage given the chance, and you need them to finish off as many enemies as possible before Black Hole runs out.
Enigma also works well early on with other good pushing heroes.
Enigma is a reasonably good all rounder, but there are certain heroes who can counter his abilities. Generally heroes with a silence can be problematic, as they WILL try and pick you out of the group.
Vengeful Spirit - Her swap ability will break the channelling on your Black Hole, and can even go through BKB. A smart Veng will stay well clear of the rest of her team, waiting for you to initiate and then stop you. Linkens Sphere can help in this situation.
Beastmaster - Generally easier to catch in a teamfight than Veng, but his Roar also goes through BKB, and Linkens wont necessarily help here.
Warlock- again, his Ultimate goes through BKB, so you either have to catch him in your Black Hole or wait for him to use Rain of Chaos first.
Silencer - can break your combo as you try to blink in and Black Hole. His ultimate also makes it difficult to get the timing right.
Doom Bringer - Doom is extremely unpleasant, causing a large amount of damage, and completely disabling all your abilities for a long time.
Bane - his disabling powers can make it difficult for you to land your ultimate unless you can blink in and surprise them. Even then, ensure Bane is trapped or his ultimate Fiend's Grip can disable you, even through BKB.
Rubick - is there anything more embarassing than having your own ultimate turned against you? You have a potential problem here - if you get off a successful ultimate your team is likely grouped nearby and there's a long window of opportunity while you're channeling for him to steal it unless you catch him in it. The best solution I can offer is to make sure Malefice is off cooldown when you go in - immediately cast it on him after Black Hole to either prevent him stealing it, or at least stop him casting it for the next 6 seconds.
Faceless Void - his ultimate also goes straight through any magic immunity and will stop you from channeling yours. You've either go to make sure you catch him in it, or wait until he's used his ultimate.
Generally you only want to pick Enigma when there is a solo or jungle spot available. While he can work ok as a lane support, he needs farm to be effective and cannot afford to spend too long babysitting.
He is a good pick when your team is in need of stuns, initiation and/or team fight ability. He synergies well with other pushers, strong DPS heroes and big AOE powers.
If your team has too many carries you will struggle to get the necessary farm to be effective without taking it away from them. Same applies when you do not have sufficient support heroes to ward, etc. Be careful about choosing him with a team that lacks damage as you will struggle to win fights, even with Black Hole.
Finally, be cautious about picking him if the opposition has picked some of his direct counters - while most of them can be neutralised by good play, they can still make life a lot more difficult for you.
In the jungle we want to get Demonic Conversion levelled up as quickly as possible, as they are our main farming tool and form of protection. Higher level Eidolons have far more armour and damage, making it faster and easier to get through the creeps.
As a Jungler you should still be paying attention to both the middle and safe lanes. Enigma is a dangerous ganker in the early game, turning up with a double stun, black hole and a bunch of Eidolons can easily be enough to get a kill or two, and if nothing else will make the enemy players in those lanes more cautious.
You can also help out by pulling either of those lanes if required, or filling in if a hero is killed or has to drop back to base.
Enigma is NOT a carry, he's a good pusher and a reasonable ganker. You should not stay in the Jungle for too long - just get your core items and then hit the lanes. You will help the team a lot more than staying in trying to farm up your blink dagger.
My usual equipment for jungling is a Ring of Basilius (mana regen and +2 armour for minions) and 2 Clarity potions. This is usually enough to have a Soul Ring arriving just at the point that I would run out of mana to keep farming. There are other equally valid starting items though.
As a jungling Enigma, start by denying a creep from your mid or long lane, then quickly drop back to your fountain to recharge. You should still reach the easy creep camp just after the 30 second mark.
The jungle creeps spawn initially on 30 seconds, and then on every minute mark (00) - provided neither team has line of sight on the creep camp. You can stack creep camps by attacking them on approx 53 seconds (in the minute) and drawing them away from the camp. Provided they're absent and you cannot see it, a fresh batch of neutrals will spawn.
Your conversions can last up to 35 seconds, and will heal, double and regain some time every 6 attacks. It's very important to keep your starting ones alive, or you'll lack firepower later on. Do this by picking the right creeps to engage, and by rotating the badly hurt ones out of combat. 35 seconds is usually enough to take out 2 camps (sometimes 3), depending on your level and the creeps present.
If you do arrive at a camp with your conversions about to expire, pick out the biggest non-convertable creep to do as much damage as possible to. This should give you enough of a headstart to finish the job. If you definitely cannot take a particular camp, it can still be worth stacking it for later on.
Take note of the various types of neutral creep present in each camp - there are certain ones you want to avoid until later, or are easier to deal with in different ways. For details see here
Kobolds / Forest Trolls / Ghosts / Harpies / Gnolls
You can take any of these camps easily, even with level 1 conversions. Convert the creep that looks the biggest or most different from the others - this is usually the strongest. Try to share the damage between your conversions, and make sure one does not take all the damage and die.
These are the most common type of neutral camp, and may require a more careful, tailored approach.
Ogre Camp (2 orange, 1 blue): Fairly straightforward, convert one of the orange ones (they have more HP), then focused down the blue one quickly. Rotate your conversions to avoid losing one.
Satyr Camp (2 medium, 2 small): Again straightforward, convert one of the bigger ones, then focus down the little ones.
Wolf Camp: Convert the larger Alpha Wolf, as he has the most HP and a damage aura. The two other wolves should be easy after this.
Centaur Camp: Unfortunately, you can't convert the larger centaur, so have to settle for the smaller one. The big centaur will then use his stomp to stun your minions, and can make life difficult with low level conversions. Early on, the best way of dealing with these camps is to move to it with existing conversions from another camp - put one out front as bait so he doesn't use his stun.
Golem Camp: These guys are immune to conversion due to their spell immunity. The only way to kill them is with a creep pull or conversions from another camp.
This can include Centaur Camps, see above.
Large Satyr Camp: These are different from the Satyr camp, as they contain a large purple Satyr who can't be converted. Convert the medium one instead, then take out the small Satyr before taking on the large one. Can be worth leaving until you reach a slightly higher level, or weakening the large Satyr with conversions from another camp first.
Furbolg Camp: Be very careful about when to take on these guys, the large red one is immune to conversion, and his thunder clap will instantly knock most of the health out of your conversions. Only attempt with higher level conversions from a different camp.
Wildkin Camp: You can't convert the large Wildkin bird into Eidolons, and he's pretty tough. It's possible to take this camp by focusing the smaller birds first, then carefully rotating against the large one, even tanking a little damage yourself.
Troll Camp: Another tough camp early on, as the Troll Shaman (guess what - you can't convert him) can summon skeletons. They don't have much life, but inflict a lot of damage. Be careful about trying to take these guys on too early.
The solo build is much more situational than when jungling - essentially all your skills are more useful here. You may want to look seriously at a single level early on in Midnight Pulse - this is only to destroy the side lane trees and open up the sight lines if you feel threatened by ganks.
You Malefice stun is useful for escaping, and you may even find that combining black hole with Eidolons is enough to get you a kill against weaker opponents. You can certainly give solo melee heroes a hard time. However, against dual line ups play conservatively and use your Eidolons to control the lane by denying or pushing as appropriate.
If you have a very ganking orientated team, it can be worth maxing out Malefice asap (by level 7) to get the 3rd stun.
As a support I like to get Malefice up to level 2 quickly, for a much more effective stun. Your choice of whether to max Conversion or Malefice first will depend very much on your lane - higher level conversions offer more damage and armour, while level 3 Malefice is an excellent ganking spell.
Take every opportunity to stack up neutral creeps if you are on the safe lane, as you can farm them up easily while pulling to get some extra gold in. This goes double if you and your partner are against a solo hero. Be sure to use your Eidolons aggressively against a lone hero too.
When babysitting, concentrate on using Eidolons to deny; you will need to keep them out of range or constantly moving to stop them auto-attacking though. They also won't split or heal as they're not attacking, so avoid feeding them to the enemy heroes.
As mentioned earlier, I dont think Enigma is especially well suited to this role, and you re going to have to get some farm at some point, but if needs must...
This is probably the most controversial part of this guide - but I'm not always a fan of levelling up Black Hole as soon as it's available.
What the *&S*# You said Black Hole was awesome!!!
It is - the thing is that it starts off awesome already. The only differences as you level are:
+ Slightly increased damage (+20-40 DPS per level)
+ Slightly lower cooldown time (-10 seconds per level, so it s 200/190/180 seconds)
- Increased mana cost (200/300/400)
As you can see, the advantages are somewhat minimal. Whether you skill up or not is dependent mostly on your farm, and the flow of the game - if you ve got a big enough mana pool to be using your spells fairly frequently, with enough always left over for a Black Hole, then go ahead and level it up. If not, or you're not sure, take a level of stats instead. Skill it up when you're comfortable for mana - there's nothing worse than blinking in and not being able to cast it!
The game situation also matters - if your team is generally on top, and you can choose when to have a team fight, 10 seconds here or there doesn't matter so much. It might matter if the game is very unpredictable or going against you though.
The other issue is the likelihood of getting a refresher orb - even with a big mana pool, the chances of having enough for various skills, then two 400 mana spells, with a refresh inbetween is minimal. The orb also makes the cooldown less of an issue.
A lot of people may disagree strongly with these points, but what I want to emphasise more than anything is that you should think about when and whether to upgrade your ultimate rather than just do it automatically every chance you get.